Stock Investing Basics 101: How To Get Started

There are a lot of different ways to invest your money, but stocks are one of the most popular options. If you’re thinking about getting started in stock investing, there are a few things you should know. Here’s a quick guide to getting started with stock investing basics.

In this investing basics guide we will cover the following key points;

  1. Understand what stocks are and how they work
  2. Defining your investment objectives
  3. The difference between trading and investing
  4. Research what companies you want to invest in
  5. Simple stock valuation methods
  6. How to trade: open up a brokerage account & start trading!

What Are Stocks And How Do They Work?

Stocks are a type of investment that allows you to own a piece of a company. When you buy stocks, you become a shareholder in that company. Companies issue stock to raise money to grow and expand their businesses.

When you own stock, you have the potential to earn money in two ways: through dividends and through capital gains. Dividends are payments made by companies to their shareholders. Capital gains occur when you sell your stocks for more than you paid for them.

Stock investing basics - how to start stock investing online
Stock investing basics – how to start stock investing online

Define Your Stock Investing Objectives

Before you start investing in stocks, it’s important to have a clear understanding of your investment objectives. Are you looking to generate income, grow your wealth, or protect your capital?

Once you know what you’re trying to achieve, you can start to look at different types of investments that will help you reach your goals.

For example, if you’re looking to generate dividend income, dividend-paying stocks may be a good option. If you’re looking to grow your wealth, you might want to invest in stocks with high growth potential. And if you’re looking to protect your capital, you might want to consider investing in defensive stocks.

When it comes to stock investing, one of the most important decisions you’ll make is how much money you want to invest. This will depend on a number of factors, including your financial goals, your risk tolerance, and your time horizon. If you’re just starting out, you may want to start small and gradually increase your investment over time.

Alternatively, if you’re more experienced, you may be able to handle a higher level of risk and invest more aggressively. Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide how much you want to invest in stocks. But regardless of your approach, it’s important to have a solid plan in place before you start investing.

The Difference Between Trading And Investing

When it comes to investing, there are two main approaches that people take: trading and investing. Both have the potential to make money, but they differ in terms of how they approach the market.

Trading is all about buying and selling assets in the short-term, in order to make a profit, sometimes using short selling strategies. This can be done with stocks, bonds, commodities, or any other asset. The key is to buy low and sell high, in order to turn a quick profit. Investors, on the other hand, take a longer-term view. They buy assets and hold onto them for years or even decades, in order to reap the benefits of compound growth.

So, which approach is better? There is no simple answer, it tends to be an individual preference. Learn more about the differences between trading and investing.

Investing basics - understanding the difference between trading and investing
Investing basics – understanding the difference between trading and investing

Research Companies

When it comes to stock investing, there are a number of things that you need to take into account in order to ensure that you are making a wise investment decision. After all, you are essentially putting your money into something with the hopes that it will grow over time.

With that in mind, here is a detailed guide on how to research companies when stock investing, as well as some basic valuation methods that you can use to help you make a more informed decision.

The first thing that you need to do is to take a look at the financial statements of the company in question. This will give you a good idea of its overall financial health. You should pay particular attention to the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement.

These documents will give you an idea of the company’s revenue, expenses, assets, liabilities, and cash flow. By looking at these numbers, you can get a better idea of the company’s overall financial picture.

Next, you will want to take a look at the company’s financial history. This will give you an idea of how it has performed in the past. You can find this information by looking at the company’s annual reports. This will give you a good idea of the company’s overall profitability and growth.

Investing Basics: Simple Valuation Methods

There are a few simple valuation methods you can use when analysing stock investments. The first is the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio, which measures the price of a stock relative to its earnings. A high P/E ratio means that investors are paying more for the stock than its earnings would suggest.

The second method is the price-to-book (P/B) ratio, which measures the price of a stock relative to its book value. A high P/B ratio means that investors are paying more for the stock than its book value would suggest.

Finally, you can look at the dividend yield, which measures the annual dividend paid by a company as a percentage of its share price. For example, if a company has a dividend yield of 3%, that means that for every $100 you invest in the company’s stock, you will receive $3 in dividends.

Dividends can provide a good source of wealth if re-invested back into your stocks through something known as dividend compounding.

Investing basics - simple stock evaluation methods
Investing basics – simple stock evaluation methods

Stock Investing Online: How To Trade Stocks

Now we’ve looked at some of the investing basics, it’s time to start trading! Stocks are traded on stock exchanges, which are places where buyers and sellers meet to trade shares of publicly held companies.

A stock exchange is like a marketplace, where people come to buy and sell stocks. The most famous stock exchange in the United States is the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), but there are many others, including the Nasdaq and the American Stock Exchange.

If you’re interested in trading stocks, one of the first things you’ll need to do is open a brokerage or trading account. This will give you access to the stock market and allow you to start buying and selling shares.

There are a lot of different brokerages out there, so it’s important to do your research and find one that suits your needs. Once you’ve opened an account, you can start researching stocks and making trades.

Some brokerages charge commission fees for trading which can quickly mount up if you place a lot of trades. However there are many trading apps that provide completely commission free stock trading such as Public. These apps are a great choice if you are comfortable selecting your own investments.

Get commission free stock investing online at Public

Hopefully this stock investing basics post has given you the knowledge to start investing. However, If you don’t feel confident enough to choose your own investments then we’d recommend the use of an investment manager such as Titan.

They are an award winning investment management company offering a fully managed service. Simply sign up, select a strategy you are comfortable with and Titan’s team of experts will take care of the rest.

Get a fully managed investment service with Titan.

Stock Investing Basics Conclusion

Now that we know the stock investing basics, it’s time to start putting our money to work.

Public makes it easy to get started with commission-free stock investing online. Join here

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